Palaeoenvironmental research

Waikato's Radiocarbon Dating Research

Dr Jonathan Palmer extracts a biscuit for carbon dating and tree-ring analysis from a 12,000-yr old kauri log excavated from farmland at Towai, Northland.

The Northland sub-fossil kauri resource represents one of the world’s foremost archives of atmospheric records during the last 60,000 years.

Kauri logs are buried in bogs scattered over a 300 km stretch of northern New Zealand. This wood contains an immense, high-resolution store of information about past environmental conditions, including climate and landforms. Alan Hogg is leading a team comprising 3 radiocarbon laboratories (Wk, UCI, OxA) to study atmospheric 14C concentrations during the Younger Dryas (YD) Stadial, an abrupt Northern Hemisphere (NH) cooling episode, to decipher the timing, duration and causes of this critical cooling event. The 3 laboratories have completed ~700 14C measurements from the time interval ~12,860 – 11,700 cal BP, producing the most accurate and precise 14C data set for any time period.

A paper describing the YD kauri project and revealing errors in the NH IntCal09 data set has been published in Radiocarbon – free to download here (Hogg et al 2013b).

Related Research Projects:

Atmospheric radiocarbon variations during the Younger Dryas stadial: The Younger Dryas Kauri research project

Selected Publications:

  • Hogg A, C Turney, J Palmer, J Southon, B Kromer, C Bronk Ramsey, G Boswijk, P Fenwick, A Noronha, R Staff, M Friedrich, L Reynard, D Guetter, L Wacker, R Jones, 2013. The New Zealand kauri (Agathis Australis) research project: A radiocarbon dating Intercomparison of Younger Dryas wood and implications for IntCal. Radiocarbon, 55(4): doi:10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i2.16217. Download
  • Rodgers K, S Fletcher, D Bianchi, C Beaulieu, E Galbraith, A Gnanadesikan, A Hogg, D Ludicone, B Lintner, T Naegler, P Reimer, J Sarmiento, R Slater, 2011. Interhemispheriic gradient of atmospheric radiocarbon reveals natural variability of Southern Ocean winds. Climate of the Past, 7:1123-1138. doi:10.5194/cp-7-1123-2011.
  • Turney, C, K Fifield, A Hogg, J Palmer, K Hughen, M Baillie, R Galbraith, J Ogden, A Lorrey, S Tims, R Jones, 2010. The potential of New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) for testing the synchronicity of abrupt climate change during the Last Glacial Interval (60,000-11,700 years ago). Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.08.017.
  • D'Costa DM, J Palmer, A Hogg, C Turney, J Ogden, 2008. Stratigraphy, pollen and 14C dating of Johnston's Gum Hole, a late Quaternary fossil kauri (Agathis australis) site, Northland, New Zealand. Journal of Quaternary Science ( doi:10/1002/jqs.1179.
  • Turney, CSM, LK Fifield, JG Palmer, AG Hogg, MGL Baillie, R Galbraith, J Ogden, A Lorrey, SG Tims, 2007. Towards a radiocarbon calibration for Oxgen Isotope Stage 3 using New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis). Radiocarbon, 49(2):447-457.
  • Palmer, JA, A Lorrey. CSM Turney, A Hogg, J Ogden, 2006. Extension of New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) tree-ring chronologies into Oxygen Isotope Stage (OIS)-3. Journal of Quaternary Science, 21:779-787.